Történelem - Irodalom - Documented facts and figures on Transylvania


The main purpose of this work is to furnish scholars, diplomats, statesmen, journalists, and other interested persons with factual information concerning the land called TRANSYLVANIA, today a province of the Socialist Republic of Rumania.
The territory known today as Transylvania includes Transylvania proper, part of the Banat, part of the Great Hungarian Plain and the former Partium, totalling 24,027 square miles.
440 B.C.   Herodotos described the SCYTHIANS, inhabiting the "lands East and North of the Danube river". "Scythian" is the collective name of a group of TURANIAN people, supposedly descendants of the SUMERIANS, but certainly carriers and preservers of the Sumerian culture.
As an integral part of the Hungarian Kingdom, Transylvania was drawn into the Western Christian Culture Circle at the beginning of the eleventh century. The architecture of old Transylvanian cities, such as Nagyvárad (today Oradea), Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca), Brassó (Brasov) or Dés (Dej) bear witness to this fact.
From the 11th to the 16th centuries every available data indicates that the population of Transylvania was relatively dense in the river valleys and in the central basin, while quite sparse in the mountain regions.
Grievances and legitimate demands
Today, at the end of the 20th century, civilized societies under majority rule firmly believe that such rule should not infringe upon the rights of minority groups.
A quick glance at the documented history of Transylvania will suffice to draw the following conclusions:   1.
EXCERPTS   from the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Rumania   Art. 17. "The citizens of the Socialist Republic of Rumania, irrespective of their nationality, race, sex or religion shall have equal rights in all fields of economic, political, juridicial, social and cultural life.   The State shall guarantee the equal rights of the citizens.
American Hungarian Federation: Documents on the Human Rights Violations Against the Hungarian Minority in Rumania Before the   United Nations Human Rights Commission, the World Council of   Churches and the United States Congress and Government, Vol.   -1-. Washington 1975, Vol. 2 Washington 1976 (American   Hungarian Federation, Washington, D.C.)   Birdsall, P.

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